Ambulance equipment, that’s what must be there

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What equipment should be aboard the ambulance?

What are the essential equipment that must be on board an ambulance? What is the classification of these special vehicles?

The ambulance is a special vehicle that is generally used for transporting objects but that it comes also re-organized so that it can accommodate on board obligatory structures and sanitary devices in order to guarantee comfort and quality of transport to the patient.

The ambulance has the precise and delicate purpose of transporting person in imminent danger of dyeing from the point where it is located to the refferral hospital,which is the nearest or the most appropriate.

But what are the equipment that must not miss aboard an ambulance? And how are ambulances categorized on the basis of equipment and crew?

The ambulance’s equipment

The structure of an ambulance is clearly defined: there is a driving area and a patient care area. On some vehicles then the driving compartment and the health compartment are connected. The ambulance will have special equipment based on the type of compartment

Equipment of the driving compartment

The following instruments can’t be missing in the driving compartment:

  • ambulance cards;
  • notepad and pen;
  • gas card;
  • vehicle and portable radio equipment;
  • lights and siren control;
  • searchlight;
  • portable extinguisher;
  • emergency triangle;
  • 10 meters rope;
  • 2 oxygen cylinders;
  • pressure gauges and reducers;
  • disposable gloves;
  • road map;
  • work gloves.

Equipment of the sanitary compartment

On the other hand, in the patient care area the present equipment are:

  • dressing and first aid material , such as plasters, bandages, sterile and non-sterile gauze, scissors, isothermal blanket, disinfectant, saline and hydrogen peroxide
  • resuscitation kit, consisting of semiautomatic defibrillator, aspirator, shears, gold-pharyngeal cannulas, resuscitator balloon and resuscitation mask;
  • oxygen therapy material (masks with reservoirs and cylinders, both fixed and portable);
  • self-protection material for rescuers (gloves, masks, anti-scratch glasses, sterile coats and protective suits);
  • diagnostic material (sphygmomanometer, stethoscope, optical stack);
  • trauma immobilization devices, such as splints, cervical collar, spoon stretcher, spinal board with spider and headrest, extroverted (KED), vacuum mattress;
  • devices for the transport of patients: stretcher, sedan chair and coltrino.
  • Ambulances must also be equipped with an additional visual signalling device with a blue flashing light and an alarm device, as provided for in Article 177 of the Highway Code.

Ambulance types based on instrumentation and crew

Rescue ambulances are usually divided into three categories based on the crew and some equipment on board. Here are the categories:

  • Base Rescue Vehicles, with only rescuers on board. There must be at least two (in some regions even three) qualified rescuers to services 118 with BLS course and possibly BLS-D (for the use of the semiautomatic defibrillator). In addition there may also be a trainee rescuer in training.
  • Intermediate or Advanced Basic Rescue Vehicles, with a nurse also on board in addition to rescuers (including one as a driver).
  • Advanced Rescue Vehicles, with rescuers (one of whom is a driver), a doctor and a nurse on board. These ambulances are often equipped with medical devices such as the ECG and manual defibrillator.

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